October 2012

October 8th, 2012
The October, 2012 Northwest Arkansas Beekeepers Club met on Monday 8 October 2012 (NOTE: The club always meets on the second Monday of the month) at the UA Agrilcultural Extension Office.
President: Tom Nichols
Vice President: Mark Eaton
Treasurer: Nancy Kahanak
Secretary: Victor Mathis
Present for the meeting were 61 members and visitors
BEE FACTS:   "Winter Bees"  During the winter months when the temperature outside the hive falls to 57degrees (f) or 14 degrees (C) the bees move closer and closer together in the hive, and when the temperature falls below 48degrees (f) or 9 degrees (C) they will form a tight cluster in the hive across several combs and beneath the stored comb.  They consume their food stores to survive and the effect of food consumption and digestion plus muscular movements generates heat which is retained within the winter cluster by the bee's hairy bodies.  The bees in the center are very warm (70degreeS F 21degrees C all the way to 90degrees F 38degrees C) but the bees in the center become hungry and they have to move to the edge of the cluster where the food is located.  The cold bees on the edge of the cluster move to the center to warm up.
The presentation for this meeting is "Bee Tips and Bee Plants" BY Winfridus Bakker email jhakker@cox net.com
Hives that are infected with ants are reported to be handled with boric acid.  mix a solution of 2 cups of warm water with 1/2 cup of sugar with 2 tablespoons of boric acid....the solution is put in a shallow dish under and near the hive.

For nectar and pollen producing plants support them with a 2:1 RATIO of Blood Meal and Bone Meal.  This is reported to provide an excellent fertilizer for plant usage. 
Success in beekeeping is defined by location  is relation to nectar producing plants and trees.  This simple fact cannot be underestimated. Many plants and trees that are grown have no nectar or pollen.  There are 15,000 flowering plants in North America but only 200 are identified as nectar producers.  Clovers, alfalfa, sweet clover and acacias and locust trees are among the most important nectar producers.  Plants produce nectar as a purpose to attract insects for cross pollination. Nectar flow is at a optimum between the temperature of 80 degrees to 90 degrees.....past 95 degrees the nectar flow stops.  Factors of SOIL, TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY, will greatly influence the nectar flow of plants.  
Soil effects the growth of nectar producing plants and trees more so than any other factor. 
Water can effect honey also.  Honey with a moisture content of more than 20% WILL grow rancid faster than less.  The pH of honey is between 3.2 and 4.5.  The relativity factor enables honey to be more stable than other foods.  Mr. Bakker gave an extensive report on nectar producing flowers and plants highlighting each of their advantages.  
A flower identified as the Echium Vulgare was extensively investigated and reported as both an excellent flowering plant for yards and an excellent nectar producer for bees.
Another plant, Agastache (Foeniculum rugosa) was identified as another strong annual plant which provides an excellent nectar source.
DID YOU KNOW:   The Flag of the state of Utah adopted its state flag in 1913  into the design a Bee Hive with the word "Industry" adopted as the state motto.